Tennessee Foot Care(865) 966-5775

Conditions

Heel Pain

Heel Pain

Heel pain can be the result of several conditions. By far, the most common is plantar fasciitis. Plantar fasciitis is an inflammation of the plantar fascia which is a broad pain in the bottom of the foot. It stretches from the ball of the foot to the heel bone, the calcaneus. If this band over stretches it can inflame the attachment at the heel bone.

Common symptoms include pain in the morning getting out of bed, pain after sitting for a while and then standing and pain after long periods of standing. This pain is usually along the inside of the heel or on the bottom of the heel. X-rays often reveal a growth of bone called a heel spur. Treatment includes strapping oral anti-inflammatory, steroid injections, functional orthotics and sometimes surgery.


Fungus Toenails

Foot Fungus

Discolored, thick toenails are often caused by a fungal infection. The medical term is onchomycosis. The same fungus that causes athletes foot is responsible for toenail fungal infection. This is a slowly developing process that often goes unnoticed in the early stages. Not all thick toenails are caused by fungus. Injury to the nail such as dropping a heavy object on the nail or tearing the nail loose can also cause thickened toenails. These nails can be treated by periodic treatment of the nail. Oral medications can also be used. In severe cases, surgical treatment may be necessary.


Bunions

Bunions

Bunions are enlargements at the big toe joint. Often hereditary in nature, they are slowly developing deformities that can affect one or both feet. Bunions may or may not be painful. Women are affected more than men. Shoes can make problem worse but do not cause bunions.


Hammertoes

Hammertoes

Hammertoes are conditions where the toes take on a claw like appearance. They are often associated with corns on top and end of the toes. Shoe pressure can make them worse. Usually hereditary in nature, hammertoes may not always be painful. They usually occur on the lesser toes.


Diabetes

Diabetic Foot Conditions

Diabetes is almost an epidemic in this country. Over 26.8 million people have diabetes and another 8 million are undiagnosed. Beside foot problems diabetes affects the entire body including eyes and kidneys. In the foot, while diabetes can affect circulation, by far the most important problem is a condition called neuropathy. Diabetic neuropathy often manifests itself as numbness in the bottom of the foot. The numbness can be so profound that people have stepped on carpet tacks and felt no pain. This lack of pain perception can allow infection to develop without the early warning sign of pain.


Plantar Warts

Foot Warts

Warts are growths in the skin caused by a virus. They may look like calluses but are different. On close examination, wart may have small black dots which look like pepper has been sprinkled on it. These are not seeds as some believe. These black dots are blood vessels in the wart itself. Warts are quite common in children, especially girls.